Refinishing your furniture with a crackled and antiqued look
Instructions to refinishing your furniture for an antiqued look fast ansteps. Supplies:
Furniture acrylic paints or latex, 2 colors crackle medium
2 foam brushes
1 bristle brush
Have you ever seen furniture that is old and charming? It has little cracks in the paint and you can see the old finishes. Well, you can give your new or unfinished furniture that same charming look with a few simple steps.
If the furniture piece is unfinished your first step is to decide on colors. What color do you want to see through the cracks and what color is going to be the top color? Once decided, be sure to sand the piece and wipe clean of dust with a tack cloth. Using those sponge type brushes, brush on the first coat of paint. Let dry and apply a second coat if you desire a darker color. Let the second coat dry according to the paint directions.
Once those layers of paint are dry, you must apply a special coating called "Crackle Medium" which can be purchased at most craft and home decorating stores. Apply one medium coat with a bristle brush and let air dry till sticky or tacky to the touch. DO NOT let dry completely.
Once tacky to the touch, apply a light, even coat of the second or contrasting color to the furniture. The topcoat should start to crackle immediately. Be sure not to over brush the top coat as that could cause smearing and it won't crackle.
If the furniture is still not aged enough, you can take a medium weight sandpaper and lightly sand the corners and sides of the furniture. Be sure to wait until the paint is completely dry. After you sand some paint off, be sure to use the tack cloth to remove the dust from the furniture.
When you are happy with your new "old" piece of furniture, be sure to protect it by using a few coats of clear varnish.
Diamond jewelry clarity is a quality of diamonds relating to the existence and visual appearance of internal defects of a diamond called inclusions, and surface defects called blemishes. Clarity is one of the four Cs of diamond grading, the others being carat, color, and cut. Inclusions may be crystals of a foreign material or another diamond crystal, or structural imperfections such as tiny cracks that can appear whitish or cloudy. The number, size, color, relative location, orientation, and visibility of inclusions can all affect the relative clarity of a diamond. A clarity grade is assigned based on the overall appearance of the stone under 10x magnification.
Most inclusions present in gem-quality diamonds do not affect the diamonds' performance or structural integrity. However, large clouds can affect a diamond's ability to transmit and scatter light. Large cracks close to or breaking the surface may reduce a diamond's resistance to fracture.
Diamonds with higher clarity grades are more valued, with the exceedingly rare "flawless" graded diamond fetching the highest price. However, minor inclusions or blemishes are sometimes considered to have some value, as they can be used as unique identifying marks analogous to fingerprints. In addition, as synthetic diamond technology improves and distinguishing between natural and synthetic diamonds becomes more difficult, inclusions or blemishes can be used as proof of natural origin.
Inclusions and blemishes
There are several types of inclusions and blemishes, which affect a diamond's clarity to varying degrees. Features resulting from diamond enhancement procedures, such as laser lines, are also considered inclusions and/or blemishes. Inclusions
Included crystals or minerals
The Gemological Institute of America (GIA), as well as other diamond grading agencies including the European Gemological Laboratory (EGL), American Gemological Society (AGS), and the International Gemological Laboratory (IGL) use a sliding grading scale based on descriptive terms of overall clarity. These grading agencies base their clarity grades on the characteristics of inclusions visible to a trained professional when a diamond is viewed from above under 10x magnification.
The diamond clarity rating in common use are :
FL - "flawless" in that no inclusions or blemishes are visible under 10 times magnification.
IF - "internally flawless" with no inclusions visible under 10 times magnification, only small blemishes on the diamond surface.
VVS1 and VVS2 - "very very slight" inclusions that are difficult to see under 10 times magnification. VVSA denotes a higher clarity grade than VVS2.
VS1 and VS2 - "very slight" inclusions and visible under magnification but invisible to the naked eye.
SI1 and SI2 - "slight inclusions" that may or may not be noticeable to the naked eye.
SI3 is a grade sometimes used in the industry, originally popularized by the European Gemological Laboratory (EGL). While intended as a range to include borderline SI2/I1 stones, it is commonly used to mean I1's which are "eye clean", that is, which have inclusions which are not obviously visible to the naked eye. Neither the GIA nor the American Gemological Society (AGS), assign this grade.
I1,I2 and I3 - "imperfect", with inclusions clearly visible to the naked eye. For I3, the inclusions impact the brilliance of the diamond and are large and obvious.
All grades reflect the appearance to an experienced grader when viewed from above at 10x magnification, though higher magnifications and viewing from other angles are used during the grading process. In "colorless" diamond, dark inclusions will tend to create the greatest drop of clarity grade. In other colors pale inclusions may have greater relief (may stand out more) and may cause a greater drop in grade.
Beyond the clarity grading terms, other considerations include the type, size and location of the "inclusion". Inclusions near or on the surface may weaken the diamond structurally. Depending on where the inclusion occurs in the cut diamond and how it is to be used, it may be possible to hide the inclusion behind the setting.
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